Follow us on Facebook
Follow us on LinkedIn
Integrative Conflict Management Model

In times of conflict, children are especially vulnerable and at risk for physical and psychological injury.

The Integrative Conflict Management Model is incorporated into the International Center's Compassionate Conflict Management programs.

Key components of the ICM2 are:

  • Universal field and construct
  • Epidemiology
  • Power dynamics
  • Power swapping and infusion
  • The Five-Bodies
  • Objectification/action process
  • Experienced Power Deprivation (EPD)
  • Resiliency
  • Existential self-management
  • Interactive mapping



The Integrative Conflict Management Model is a copyrighted property of Pax Cascadia, LLC and is licensed to the International Center for Compassionate Organizations at no charge.
Copyright © 1998 - 2023

The Integrative
Conflict Management Model

ICM Model

  • A new framework for describing and understanding human conflict
  • Evidence-based
  • Focus on issues of power
  • Integrates the 5 bodies — physical, emotional mental, environmental and transpersonal
  • Public health — nonpolitical, nonreligious
  • Positive outcome oriented
  • Defines the process from which conflict emerges
  • Integrates neuroscience, epidemiology, etc.

Developed by social theorist Ari Cowan more than a decade ago, the Integrative Conflict Management Model (ICM2) is built around an in-depth understanding of human relationships, the need for personal, family, community, institutional, and organizational power; and strategies for management and resolution of conflict through the application of appropriate and healthy forms of power.

  Theorist Ari Cowan received the National Public Health Award (the "Broad Street Pump Award") in recognition for his work in violence prevention and response from the United States affiliate of the international physician group that was awarded the 1985 Nobel Prize for Peace..

The model is one of three Cowan developed along a "human power continuum" — from healthy power to unhealthy power, the most extreme expression of which is violence. He first developed the Violence Integrative Prevention and Restoration (PAR) Model to test the power continuum concept in the most challenging circumstances. The PAR Model has been successfully demonstrated in schools, an international setting and a Level 5 (maximum security) prison. Because the ICM2 is built on a public health foundation, it is applicable in all cultural settings.

Under the ICM2, those dealing with the challenge of conflict in their lives, as well as professionals working in the field, can integrate an understanding of power issues, brain dynamics and a person's ability to restructure their experience of reality so that conflict is effectively managed, minimized, or eliminated. This approach and its core elements allow a broad range of attributes — such as effective listening techniques, compassion, understanding and respectful debate — to operate free of the inhibiting weight of traditional approaches.

The ICM2 integrates a broad range of diverse disciplines including social theory, neuroscience, the public health approach, developmental theory, attachment theory, learning theory, psychology and physiology. It is a compassionate alternative to toxic punitive approaches to dealing with conflict.

The ICM2 is a fundamental component in the International Center's Compassionate Conflict Management programs.

Contact | Privacy | Terms of Use
  The International Center for Compassionate Organizations is a nonprofit, public health, and public service organization
working to foster the value and practice of compassion in organizations worldwide.
Copyright ©2023 by the International Center for Compassionate Organizations. All rights reserved.